Victorian prudery had banned public reference to sex even through innuendo or oblique suggestion. Sex was ungenteel and highly inelegant. Now, in the seventies of this century, pre-marital sex experience, teen-age sex involvement, group sex, wife-swapping, promiscuity, homo-sex, oral sex, and public propagation of all kinds of sexual behavior and deviations, through cinema and television, through journalism and fictional literature is a tolerated part of the European social scene. The exterior embellishments of these grand and holy structures depict and portray, sex unions between men and women, in frieze after frieze, in infinitely varied postures, of skillfully chiseled stone entablatures that show not only the highly matured artistic sensitivity of the sculptor but also display a masterly knowledge of Hindu Erotica.
Sikhism is one of the youngest of the major religions. Based on the teachings of Guru Nanak and the ten successive Sikh gurus, Sikhism has a following of over twenty million. Below is information on the most common beliefs on the subject of relationships and sex. Sikhism was founded on principles of equality for all people. This ceremony marks the induction into Khalsa, and from this moment onward, the young person is considered to be spiritually mature and responsible for his or her actions. Marriage is seen as something sacred between a husband and wife, and everyone in the community is expected to marry at some point in their lives. Marriage is closely tied with family honour.
Sikh teaching emphasises the importance of being a grihasti , ie a married person, rather than avoiding marriage. Guru Nanak regarded one of his sons as unsuited to succeed him because he had opted to live as an unmarried, celibate ascetic. Apart from the eighth Guru, Guru Har Krishan, who did not live to adulthood, all the Gurus were married and all had children. Punjabis including Sikhs value family honour very highly.
Each week we ask the same questions about each religion in an attempt to better understand how your faith can shape your sex life. This series is based on the official teachings of the religion, not what individuals might choose to do. Premarital sex is considered to be driven by lust and therefore should be avoided. Having a family is considered important and valuable, but within marriage couples are permitted a lot of freedom.